Is speciation of demersal fishes in Lake Tanganyika restrained by physical limnological conditions?

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1986
Authors:D. H. Eccles
Journal:Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume:29
Issue:2
Pagination:115–122
Abstract:

Both Lake Malawi and Lake Victoria have many species of offshore demersal cichlids, most of which are stenotopic. In Lake Tanganyika there are fewer, more eurytopic, demersal species. These differences may be the effect of the physical regimes of the lakes. In Lake Victoria there is no permanent anoxic layer. In both the other lakes, water below 250 m depth is permanently anoxic and the seasonal cycle is dominated by upwelling. In Lake Malawi this is mainly derived from intermediate water containing free oxygen. In Lake Tanganyika upwelling involves hypolimnetic water, which may rise to within 80 m of the surface, causing great short-term changes in oxygen concentration over the depth range 50–250 m. This has inhibited the development of deep water species restricted to narrow depth ranges.

DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8312.1986.tb01826.x
Refereed Designation:Refereed

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